During the last five decades, the world agricultural production technology has progressed rapidly, including the achievement of "Green Revolution". However, opening in the international agricultural trade market, which started from the mid-1980s, influences characteristic change of each nation's agricultural growth and technological progress. This analysis characterized technological change of agricultural production in world major countries from 1961 to 2005 by region and income level. Also, this analysis examined changes in factor productivity and factor input, and investigated characteristics in technical changes by estimating production function. As a result, this analysis discovered that technical change of agricultural production by region and income level, and decrease in factor productivity are progressing after 1980s in the world. According to the comparative analysis of inter-country agricultural production technology and Japanese agricultural growth path, the growth of Korean agricultural had fallen into stagnant after late-1990s as same as Japanese path.