A glimpse of Korea's municipal autonomy, especially in terms of policy making in the field of agriculture, tells us that local governments have expanded their roles and strengthened their rights, at least in appearance. However, there has been an extremely little transfer of centralized policies of agriculture to local governments, and on the financial side, the local governments retain almost no rights. The recent change of times, both domestically and abroad, requires more strengthened function of active and independent autonomy in agriculture. Autonomy in agricultural administration can be said to be local governments' independent planning and independent execution of it for the development of both agriculture itself and rural villages in the region. Since 1998 Kangwon Province has been testing the possibility of successful autonomous agricultural administration by launching a new 겨기 village construction drive. Through the examination of the very drive propelled by Kangwon Province, this thesis attempts to see if the agricultural autonomy is possible in Korea, of which agriculture is currently being under a drastic change, and to find what would block the full-fledged autonomy. The performer of the agricultural autonomy would be the village or the production community, and its main supporting body would be local municipalities. With those performers and supporters playing major roles, the agriculture-related governmental offices and organizations, such as agricultural cooperatives in the province, can help heighten the effectiveness of the policy by having close links with each other and playing the roles appropriately divided among them. The rooting of agricultural autonomy in Korea will be facilitated when region-integrating activities are carried by both the municipalities and those who are engaged in agriculture to secure their competitive power. For this purpose, the municipalities should form, improve and support the propelled strategies, and those engaged in agriculture should get rid of their previous government dependent practices in farming.