농업경제연구

Korean Agricultural Economics Association

제목 Analyzing the Effect of Socio-economic Factors on Deforestation Using an Environmental Kuznets Curve Model
저자 Andoh Jewel, Jae Bong Chang, Yohan Lee
발행정보 59권 3호 (2018년 9월) 페이지 169~189
키워드
초록 Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation(REDD+) programs have progressed in developing countries with some challenges. Most indigenous people and forest-dependent communities lack understanding of the program due to high illiteracy rates, resulting in poor participation and also, there is lack of funding among others. These factors hinder the efforts toward avoiding the alarming rate of deforestation in the developing countries. We analyzed the effect of socio-economic factors such as the literacy rate and income per capita effect on deforestation rate in some 30 tropical developing countries from Africa, Asia and Latin America using the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) model. Results showed that the literacy rate and income percapita have significant effects on deforestation rate, posing a risk to REDD+ programs. The results also showed that the rate of deforestation may reduce when some of these countries achieve an economic growth of US$ 3,279. Again, the results showed that among the African countries selected, the average literacy rate was 58.49% as compared to Asia and Latin America countries with an average literacy rate of 82.45% and 86.88%, respectively. African REDD+ countries in the short-term should embark on educational programs that will enlighten the indigenous people and forest-dependent communities on the consequences of deforestation and the importance of REDD+implementation in the region. Again, the governments should embark on reforestation programs and provide alternative livelihood support programs for local residents to improve their income status.In addition, governments in these countries should focus on reducing deforestation by creating public awareness and building strong institutions to regulate activities in the forest areas. Attention should also be placed on environmental policies and programs that can alleviate the ongoing deforestation, increase biodiversity, protect the environment, and mitigate climate change.
논문파일 KJAE(2018-Vol59No03)-English-03.pdf